Difference Between UTP,STP,Coaxial Cable & Fiber Optic Cable In Tabular Form.

CharacteristicsUTPSTPCoaxial CablesFiber Optic Cables
Full FormUnShielded twisted pairShielded twisted pairCoaxial CablesOptical Fiber Cable or Fiber Optic Cables
Picture

utp
UTP

stp
STP

Coaxial-Cable
Coaxial-Cable

Optical Cable
Optical Cable
No of Copper Wires8820
MaterialCopperCopperCopperGlass and Plastic Combination ( Plastic Fiber or Glass Fiber)
Bandwidth10 Mbps – 100 Mbps10 Mbps – 100 Mbps10 Mbps100 Mbps -1 Gbps
ConnectorRJ45RJ45
  • BNC (Bayonet Neil-Concelman )
  • TNC (Threaded Neil-Concelman )
  • SMB (Subminiature version B )
  • 7/16 DIN (Deutsches Institut für Normung)
  • QMA connectors
  • MCX (Micro coaxial connectors )
  • RCA (Radio Corporation of America connector,)
  • Bionic Connector
  • Standard Connector (SC)
  • Ferrule Core Connector (FC)
  • ST Connector (ST)
  • SMA Connector
  • Lucent Connector (LC)
  • Plastic Fiber Optic Cable Connectors
  • Enterprise Systems Connection Connector (ESCON)
  • Fiber Distributed Data Interface Connector (FDDI)
  • Opti-Jack Connector
  • LX-5 Connector
  • Volition Connector
  • MT-RJ Connector
  • MU Connector
  • MT Connector
  • E2000 Connector
Maximum cable segment100 meters100 meters200 – 500 meters2 k.m. – 100 k.m.
Interference RatingPoorBetter than UTPBetter than Twisted Pair CableVery good as compared to any other cable
Installation costCheapCostly than UTPCostlier than twisted pair wiresCostliest to install
Bend radius360 degrees / feet360 degrees / feet360 degrees / feet or 30 degrees / feet30 degrees / feet
SecurityLowLowLowHigh
Disadvantage
  • Frequency Interference (RFI)
  • Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
  • Not as cheap as UTP
  • Difficult to Install and Maintain
  • Much Thicker Diameter and not as flexible
  • Problems with the deployment architecture
  • Bidirectional upgrade required
  • Great noise
  • High installation costs
    Susceptible to damage from lightning strikes
  • Limited Application
  • Nuclear Radiations
  • Low Power:
  • Fragility
  • Distance
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