What is Instruments ?
Instruments is tool used to do facilitate work, especially a small precision tool used by a professional persons, these device for recording, measuring, or controlling, especially such a device functioning as part of a control system.
List of Instruments in Computer Networks and in Electronics ?
Computer Networks Tools
- Lan Tester
- Cable stripper
- Punch-down tool
- Cleaning tools
- Hex key / Allen key / Allen wrench / L keys
- Needle-nose pliers
- Wire cutters
- Tweezers Anti Static
- Voltmeter (Measures voltage)
- Ohmmeter (Measures resistance)
- Ammeter (Measures current)
- Multimeter (Multiple Measures Device Like Current/AC DC Voltage / Resistance etc)
- Clamp Meter
- LCR Meter
Basic Tools For Circuit Designig
- Soldering 30W / 60W
- Soldering Stand
- Soldering Wire
- Soldering Flux
- Soldering Station 30W
- Desoldering Tools
- Flush diagonal cutters
- Wire Cutter Stripper
- Fine tip tweezers
- PCB Vise
- Helping hand tool
- Antistatic band
- Jumper Wires
- PCB Sheet
- Electric Drill and Drill Bits
- Soldering Iron
- Long nose Plier
- Wire Stripper
- Side-Cutting Plier
- Sand Paper
- Files Tools
- Bench Power Supply
- Signal Generator
While dealing with Computer / Electrical Wiring / Electronic components, beginners Engeriners is make a lot of mistakes due to lack of experience in which tool is use for work so in almost every project or repiring, particularly for the beginners, it is recommended to get help or guidence under a experince person, for making projects project in electronics use breadboards and pcb hole boards for establishing connections by prototyping tools.
Computer Networks Tools
A cable tester is a device that is used to test the strength and connectivity of a particular type of cable or other wired assemblies. Basic cable testers are continuity testers that verify the existence of a conductive path between ends of the cable, and verify the correct wiring of connectors on the cable.
A crimping tool is a device used to conjoin two pieces of metal by deforming one or both of them in a way that causes them to hold each other. The result of the tool’s work is called a crimp. A good example of crimping is the process of affixing a connector to the end of a cable. For instance, network cables and phone cables are created using a crimping tool (shown below) to join the RJ-45 and RJ-11 connectors to the both ends of either phone or CAT5 cable.
To use this crimping tool, each wire is first placed into the connector. Once all the wires are in the jack, the connector with wires are placed into the crimping tool, and the handles are squeezed together. Crimping punctures the plastic connector and holds each of the wires, allowing for data to be transmitted through the connector.
A punch down tool, also called a punchdown tool or a krone tool (named after the Krone LSA-PLUS connector), is a small hand tool used by telecommunication and network technicians. It is used for inserting wire into insulation-displacement connectors on punch down blocks, patch panels, keystone modules, and surface mount boxes (also known as biscuit jacks)
Cleaning Tools is for cleaning dust buy using dust colletor colth , Spray , Long hair hard Brush (or use Simple Tooth Brush which hiar is hard no longer use anymore actutal use.)
A tool for turning screws, consisting of a handle joined to a metal rodshaped at one end to fit in the cut in the top of the screw using screwdrivers screw or unscrew with rotating.
Hex key / Allen key / Allen wrench / L keys
A hex driver is similar like hex bolts and screws with hexagonal sockets in their heads.By Rotating hex bolts and screws is placed.
Needle-nose pliers is for cutting,bending,small size components and holding pliers.these used by electricians, network engineers and other tradesmen to bend, re-position and snip wire.
Wire Cutter is removing the plastic or rubber coating from the wire cutter.by proper electrical tool you can as required insulation from the wire.
Tweezers Anti Static
Tweezer is basicaly used to hold small components like chips,smd components. Chips is damage with Static electricity so use insulated tweezer.
Led Flashlight use view in low light. any small or big size you can used.
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like a cutter this also use by electricians, for removing the protective coating of an electric wire.
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To measuring voltage in circuit or in a power supply. voltage is can be in the form of AC / DC.there is AC and DC Measuring is Diffrent.
To measuring electrical resistance.
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To measuring current in circuit or in a power supply break line and add this ammeter in series.current is can be in the form of AC / DC.there is AC and DC Measuring is Different. also Mili amperes and amperes is varies.
Multimeter is measuring current,voltage,resistance,contintity in circuit. it is Multi Utilty Measuring Tool.
Like a Multimeter Clamp is alsp a measuring current,voltage,resistance,contintity in circuit.the main diffrence is to measure current in multimeater you have break circuit . but in Clamp meter you not need to break any wire you just pass one wire form clamp area is detect by magntism . it Is Two type AC & DC , AC is starting from 300rs, A good DC Clamp Meter is above from 500rs. Before buy learn how to use else you can Damage its circuits. its costly to buy again. Recommended Learn form College Teacher. or Lab Assistant.
Inductance (L) Capacitance (C) Resistance (R)
An LCR meter is electronic equipment to test value or measure value of LCR in electronic.
Basic Tools For Circuit Designig
Soldering iron 30W / 60W
A soldering iron is a hand tool used in soldering. It supplies heat to melt solder so that it can flow into the joint between two workpieces. A soldering iron is composed of a heated metal tip and an insulated handle.
Soldering iron stand is matel spring Shape hold Warm Soldering Iron.
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Soldering Wire is used to two joint jointes with it by melting by soldering Iron
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Soldering Flux is used in soldering to remove oxides from the contacts of the parts to be soldered together.
Soldering Station 12w/30W
A soldering iron and Soldering Station is similiar near about but in sildering station having temperture control. It control supplies heat to melt solder so that it can flow into the joint between two workpieces. its is use for small smd Components . where more heat damage smd components.
It is used to remove more solder form the joints or remove component. you mistake place wrong component so it help to remove joint solder.
Flush diagonal cutters
For work involving cutting and skinning wires, cutting and removing pins, nails and other fasteners.
Wire Cutter Stripper
A wire cutter stripper is a portable handheld tool used by workers, especially electronics, for removing the protective coating of an electric wire
This Pliers use to gripping joint with their nose . it also help in cutting Wire . Pliers having grips for better handling and grips also provide insulation for protection against electric shock while working with active electrical circuits.
Fine tip tweezers
Small size componentent are not easy to hold with fingers , So here the Tweezer hold the Small size componentent. it is a small metal instruments that are usually held between the thumb and index finger, are used for plucking, holding, or manipulating, and consist of two legs joined at one end.
PCB vise is hold the pc sheet like the helping hands. make contast custom fixtures to perform the simple task of holding a PCB near table level. These flat PCB holders were great because your hands could rest directly on the table for fine soldering and probing. They also fit easily under a microscope and kept the PCB consistently in focus.
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Helping hand tool
This helping hand tool is useful for soldering, crafts, electronics and hobby work. With a powerful 2x magnifying glass to allow extra clarity the other features of this handy tools include adjustable joints for movement in any direction, multi angle clamps making holding and manoeuvring small objects easy.
A specially shaped piece of glass that is attached to a handle and is used to make an object look larger than.
A tool made of small fibers fix in solid base to handle and used for cleaning, smoothing,clean dust or painting
Use Simple Old Tooth Brush , Or use Brush include with Cleaning Kit.
instruments having two usually adjustable arms, legs, or jaws used especially to measure diameter or thickness
A safety device used to channel static electricity to a proper ground while handling sensitive computer equipment. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage occurs when a release of stored static electricity travels from something such as a person’s body into a conductor of a different potential, such as a computer being repaired.
For a prototypying you make a pcb for each circuit and solder them,so Breadboard here is use place ICs connection with wires and change accroing to need .in case something wrong you can change wiring accoring to nedd and fix the problem . no need to solder them. and reuse for new ideas.
Jumper wires are used on the breadboard to make connections among all the components. These can be connected to separate boards or devices as they are generally compatible with 2.54 mm or 2mm headers. its available in M to M , M to F ,F to F.
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A Zero Board or Zero PCB is a board with copper patches devoid of any connections. In order to work on such a board, the user has to either solder the components or connect them by soldering their legs to the wire.
Electric Drill and Drill Bits
Electric drill and drill bits in the range of 1/8 inch to 1/2 inch will come in handy when you need to drill holes on the printed circuit board that has been etched. Drilling of plastic or metal enclosure that houses the printed circuit board are sometimes necessary. A suitable PCB high speed drill can be easily obtained from any electronic shop. Pcb Drill in Motor variant and in spring return action. Motor Variant you have make own with motors. spring return action is Easily available you buy and use.
These Tools We Discuss Above.
- Soldering Iron
- Long nose Plier
- Wire Stripper
- Side-Cutting Plier
A small, light hammer will be useful when assembling projects that involved casing.
Small Hacksaw cut pcb Sheet. in fast and easily way.
cutter can multipurpose use to cut sheet, Art, Box Package Open, Craft Handicraft, Hobby Tool, plastic sheet etc.
fine the surface , from sharp surface where it harm to touch by sand paper you can smooth surface easily .
Buy From local Wood Shop or Paint Shop.
Hard Matel / Metal sheet which is not easily smoth with sandpaper here the files are use to smooth. its is more durebilty then sandpaper. it is more long life then sandpaper. its length in inch. 6inch , 8inch
Bench Power Supply
A Bench Power Supply is regulated Power Voltage / Ampere you can control as fine voltage/Ampere as required for project. It is costly .A good bench power Supply is starting From 5000-6000rs.
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An oscilloscope is a laboratory instrument commonly used to display and analyze the waveform of electronic signals. for basic understanfing the wave form genrated by Timmer 555 .by the device draws a graph of the instantaneous signal voltage as a function of time.
Its Transform Waves of DC,AC,Hz,MHz,GHz. its is costly a good Oscilloscope starting From 25,000-30,000rs. So before buy Learn properly at College Lab.
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Signal generators are electronic devices that generate electronic signals and waveform. These electronic signals are either repeating or non-repeating as per the requirements and field of applications. There are different types of signal generators with different level of capability and functionality.
You Also make own Simple Signal Wave Form Gentrator :
With Arduino you chose waveform shape (sine, triangular, sawtooth, or square) on both DAC channels and change the frequency of the generated signal.
Maintenance Tips for Tools
Good quality tools that are being purchased can last a lifetime if they are taken care of properly. Ensure that the tools are used only for their intended purposes, keep them lubricated with a light film of oil to inhibit rust, keep the tools clean and sharp, keep the soldering tips clean and well tinned and ensure that proper use of the tools are always adhered to by following the instructions of using the tools.